Julius Heinrich Zimmermann, Important German Whistle Manufacturer, History , Samples & Catalog Pages by Avner Strauss

Jul. Heinr. Zimmerman, Important German Whistle Manufacturer, Maker, History & Samples by A. Strauss, Catalog Pages ( (Under Construction)
Julius Heinriech Zimmermann, (1851-1923) was a large musical instruments maker , publisher, and whistle maker, his family kept his business running but at some point (C. 1928 )they had abandoned whistle  and musical instrument manufacturing ׂׂׂׂ in favor of music publishing.

Catalog Julius Heinrich Zimmermann  1899 Pg 2. whistle museum 600A picture of his workshop circa 1899 , on the shelves on the right hand side one may see a variety of whistles.

== Zimmerman Addresses & Branches ==

Factory ; 17 Seqan St. Liepzig, Germany
Shop and show rooms; 26-28 Quer St. Liepzig
Branches established year
St. Petersburg in 1875
Moskow 1882
Liepzig in 1886
London 1897
Riga 1905

Zimmerman became one of the most important merchants and manufacturers, with branches in Moscow, London, Riga and Leipzig. Although at the beginning the clientele consisted mainly of amateur musicians, professionals were not far behind.

== History ==

The Zimmermann family was of German origin. Musikverlag Zimmermann traces its roots back to a shop for German musical instruments near the Nevsky Prospekt established by Julius Heinrich Zimmermann (1851-1923) in 1876.
In 1880 he set up a factory for brass instruments. Soon he began publishing methods for all instruments, the first official publication was a Method for Flute by Ernesto Köhler in 1885.
Zimmermann also developed new designs for flutes and was one of the first German saxophone manufacturers. The company also commenced production of string instruments. Zimmermann firm made violins as well , see note*

From 1891 on, the firm produced also mechanical musical instruments.
Later the company was prominent for its balalaikas, developed by Vasily Vasilievich Andreyev.
In 1901, Zimmermann was bestowed with the Order of Saint Stanislaus by Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, beginning an association with the Russian tsar, as well as becoming exclusive purveyor of brass instruments to the Russian army.
At that time he signed on Riccardo Drigo and published his most famous ballets.
By 1904, Zimmermann acquired the piano factory of Gustav Fiedler in Leipzig.
It produced then Jul. Heinr. Zimmermann pianos, harmoniums and mechanical musical instruments as well as musical boxes and speaking machines.

From 1905 until 1919, Julius Heinrich Zimmermann was deputy of the German Reichstag and opened a distribution of his company in Berlin. The Russian branches of Zimmermann were nationalised by the Bolsheviks in 1918.

August Zimmermann (1877-1952), son of the founder and general manager in the Saint Petersburg branch, left the country.
The younger brother Wilhelm Zimmermann (1891-1946) was imprisoned and fled for his life to Germany some years later.
1923-1933,
Zimmermann published jazz music by German composers and the first German book about this genre. Additionally, the company began offering light music for orchestra. The publishing company was separated from the instruments factories in 1928. August Zimmermann led the instrument sector until the insolvency 1933. Wilhelm Zimmermann became sole owner of the publishing company. Being of part-Jewish ancestry, he was officially prohibited from operating his business from 1933, but still managed his company during the whole Nazi regime.
After his death, his widow Edith Zimmermann (1900-1975) did not receive a license from the Soviet military authority to continue publishing and the firm was formally confiscated by the East German authorities. She reached the west, and established the company in Frankfurt. She extended the catalogue with new, young composers and educational publications. When she died in 1975, she had rebuilt a world-renowned venture. Her daughter Maja-Maria Reis (1929-2000) became managing director. Due to her foresight, the company joined with Robert Lienau in 1991. Today the Zimmermann catalogue presents about 3,000 books, including copyrights by Keiko Abe, Siegfried Behrend, Cesar Bresgen, Siegfried Fink, Kurt Hessenberg and Paul Juon.

== Catalog and samples ==

His 1899-1901 Whistle catalog is the earliest and largest German one I had found.
In fact it is the 2nd largest catalog of whistles from the 19th Century.
Catalog Pg of 1899 , 1901 Catalogs
Pg. 128 of a Large whistle catalog named “ Diverse Signalinstrumente
I will continue the article later / Mean while I believe you may see here some whistles collectors meet and were previously unidentified.
Catalog Julius Heinrich Zimmermann 1899 P 128 Whistle Museum LibraryFrom top to Bottom
A high quality double end Beaufort and round pea whistle for policemen. 75mm
note the price is Just under 1 Mark while the next one costs over 3 .
2nd from top
A Horn with valve piston and reed whistle used for hunting and  Firemen. 16 cm.
3rd same as two but it has a small round pea none reed whistle for another signal sound , constructed on top. 18 cm.
Last is a two piston valved horn which was used in band and marching bands and comes with an album of musical repertoire for marching bands.

Catalog Julius Heinrich Zimmermann1901 P131 whistle museum archive
Catalog Page Number 131 of 1899
Showing top to bottom ,
Model # 6421 A Torpedo siren whistle , 65 mm in heavy cast brass case, the top turns and comes of to reveal the vents , the top is held by a pin. Torpedopfeife , Trillerpfeife, by Zimmermann, Pat. # 31884  I bbelieve around 1895
Whistle Museum Torpedo Siren Pfeife , Trillerpfeife, by Zimmermann, Pat. 31884 side
An early “London type”  Snail whistle , Model # 16420 without compass and # 16422 with Compass ,
Heavy nickel plated brass with embossed circle within circle pattern which was popular at the time 1890’s and up to late 30’s.
A quality whistle made to a high standard , also made by Martin’s signal in later years.(with different model names as ‘Mephisto’ and others)
A 2 note French style fife used for army made  Baduel (French maker ) , made of Nickel plated brass. ( French made noted were made of cast lead).
A Boatswain’s. Bosun whistle (14 cm.) early pattern that was later adopted by U.S Companies,and navy .
Note its price is double of the Torpedo siren , because its made of silver.
and became identified with U.S.A. Bosun whistles ( Boatswain’s Pipe ).

Last on page 131 is a price list of 13 types of Bird and animal calls for hunting. ( Jugdlockpfeifen )

Catalog Julius Heinrich Zimmermann 1899 P128 whistle museum Library
Pg. 129 shows some rare whistles
seldom met with even by experienced collectors.
Model # 16402  A Transportation whistle with a double end,  that has a reed whistle with two reeds located inside , a 5th (Musical Interval )  apart , the slider switches the pitch from one to the other, A very clever unique design, It has a flared horn bell to amplify the sound , the other end is a round pea whistle, which is also affected by the slide position.  (Length 12 cm , It is much larger than others on the same catalog page ) Very Rare.
Zimmermann Pfeifen Katalog Trillerpeife 1890s deutschland whistle museum

This whistles were made mostly for the German and French markets .

Next Two models of round whistles has  peas & were used by Swiss & French railway conductors.
The last one on this pg. #6413 was made in England as well by few makers in the Mid. 1890’s and are hard to find,  short Bosun type with complete round ball .

German whistles Zimmerman 1899 Pg 130 whistle museum library
Pg. 130 Brass , slide whistle
Variations of Pressed Horn made whistles
No. 6017 Has a screw mouthpiece . Horn Screw Mouth Piece by Zimmermann  1890s Germany whistle museum
and another siren brass whistle called torpedo as well used for bicyclists and
simmilar to the one disscused in a former entry about F. Mosseberg Co.

Zimmerman shop in Petersburg c 19001900,  a marching band passing Jul. Hein. Zimmermann shop in St Petersburg, whistle museum archive.

To be Cont
*
there were violin made with a No. from 4000 to 4065 – Village-violin (from 5,–M), Beginner’s violin (from 7,–M), Schoolviolin (from 8,– M.), Orchestra Violin (from 15,– M.), Copies after italien. Master Amati/Guarnerius/Stradivarius/Maggini (from 25,– M.), Solo-Instruments
(from 60,– M.), violin with whole back side and carvered Snake (from 75,– M.), Concertviolin (from 100,– M.) und Masterviolin (from 150,– M.).
List of violinmaker, who worked for Zimmermann: Robert Hammig, Reichel, Roth, Bohlig und Paulowitsch,     Julius Heinrich Zimmermann violin on Youtube

Wikipedia

Whistle museum article and photos and content by Avner Strauss, all right reserved , 2008
no part of this webpage is to be used without the explicit permission of the owner.
info@avnerstrauss.com
Posted by WHISTLE MUSEUM at 7/31/2010 11:59 AM
Categories: Whistle Manufacturers History and Samples by A.Strauss
Tags: Jugd horn music publisher collectibles signalinstrument catalog Trillerpfeife. Signalpfeife. whistls katalog

http://whistlemuseum.com/2010/07/31/h-j-zimmerman-important-german-whistle-manufacturer-maker-history–samples-catalog-pages–under-construction.aspx

19th Century Round Pea Whistles Timeline History and more. By A. Strauss

Early 1870 master piece, round pea whistle ,By J.Hudson or Linegar whistle museum
Above J. Hudson 1870’s Round Pea whistle with a stop hole, Birmingham.
Underconstruction

See READ MORE For few dozens photos

Preface

This article is just a glimpse and a part of Part one in a very long 7 part research into this type of whistles,  consider it a first draft , There are MANY more which can be accurately dated and way more which I could not yet accurately date
but as a draft it may inspire others and you may send and email to info@avnerstrauss.com to add ask contact.
I would try to first cover  mostly British 19th Century and some whistles of other countries without going into many details, since some countries deserve another article.
Part one is a draft and 19th Century General Time line and whistle designs.

Continue reading 19th Century Round Pea Whistles Timeline History and more. By A. Strauss

Spherical , Globular shaped whistles and More By A. Strauss (23 photos)

Spherical whistles is a term I use for various whistles , Globular shaped Balloon shaped and others which were not in use in Marine vessels or as Swiss and French railway whistles , Known as short Buson type whistles , but for Hawking, Bird calls , and Bicycle whistles , It is also known as Short Buson or Swiss Railway whistle. there is a large variety of French made toy and military whistles which were made in France when Flying Balloons were popular, although they do have a spherical sound chamber the mouthpiece is note a pipe (See last photos samples of round whistles with spherical sound chamber). The term Globular whistle appears on old catalogs.
Early swiss 17th 18th century  Hawking whistle spherical whistle museumThe above Hawking whistle was made in Switzerland c 17th, 18th Century ,
It has a the look and feel of a Copper and Bronze mixture I did not see before.

Continue reading Spherical , Globular shaped whistles and More By A. Strauss (23 photos)

The First Known Patent for an American Escargot, Snail, Referee Type Whistle 1869 USA Patent , Early American whistles (1) A.Strauss

Pat. # 91,704 June 22 ,1869 .The whistle is made of a tin metal sheet .
I found the actual sample in 2005

1869 First USA Patd. for referee whistle whistle museumDrawing of the Patent, originally designed to be made in large size as steam whistle of brass, or a small tin mouth whistle.
Continue reading The First Known Patent for an American Escargot, Snail, Referee Type Whistle 1869 USA Patent , Early American whistles (1) A.Strauss

19th Century British Snail Whistles, Referee, Escargot Whistles, Rare Antique Whistles

( Under construction ) Includes 65 Photos
1881 Maker L. D. sold by Ortner & Houle 3 James St. London , Snail whistle (Escargot ) shaped whistle.
1881 DL Snail whistle ..Escargot _ whistle _museum
The article is about British snail (Escargot ) whistles made with in Victorian times.
Other articles about Snail Button type whistles which is a sub- category and as far as I know came first  but there is less information about its makers will follow.

Three  whistle Models made by Henry Arthur Ward late 1880’s and early 1890’s
Glasgow style construction and stamped;
Alpha Improved Call No. 23 No. 24 and 25
As with most referee standart types the smaller models are rarer , and so Model # 25 was first noted after 2005 .
These were made in his Alpha Gun Works in Birmingham.

Henry Arthur Ward 3 whistle Models Alpha Gun works Escargot, snail whistles whistle museum

Continue reading 19th Century British Snail Whistles, Referee, Escargot Whistles, Rare Antique Whistles

Slide whistle, J. Stevens & Son Model # 36 Glasgow, nineteenth Century ,England

Stevens & Sons  Glasgow and London , see British Whistle Manufacturer History ,  The whistle was Probably made around 1850’s and designed by Richard Porteous. It is marked a Model # 36 on the body.
( August 5,  1802 – Jan. 3, 1881)
Closed position stevens's slide model 36It is a  brilliant  design since while other slide whistles of the period 1840’s and 1850’s had a sliding rod which could be moved in and out inside to determin the pitch , this design has the cap top around the body and the sliding part is out side the whistle’s body.

Open position & back sidestevens model 36 whistle backside

The Three partsstevens model 36 whistle 3 parts

Certainly a  very innovative tricky design, of a Slide whistle, unlike most slide whistles it has a smaller register within a range of a 5th, not a full octave. C – G notes.  the picture above shows its unassembled 3 parts.
The shorter part has a fillet and longer one a flare outward , so once the longer part (middle of  picture) slides into the shorter part which is just a bit wider  and comes to a stop at the flare, then the loop – knop top screws on top and the and by pulling the knop the slide works making the whistle shorter or longer.
The top part is cast and milled and has a screw thread on the inner part, all made of one piece.
All in all very rare and extremely well made whistle.
Made of German silver.

Whistle museum, and whistlepedia A.Strauss All rights reserved, No part of this web page is to be used without a written permission from the author.

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Whistle museum, Copyright © 2008, all rights reserved.

 

American whistles, Metal Escargot shape whistles, whistles in the U.S.A (Part 1, At work)

whistlemuseum
American whistles, Metal Escargot shape whistles, whistles in the U.S.A

  Hello friends and collector and whistle enthusiasts
I will slowly bring some old articles that lost parts and pictures ( the original article had over 60 Photos )
and try and bring nw ones as well as time permits .
You are welcome to joine the Antique whistle group on Face book as well .
Cheers

A.Strauss   Copyright 2009                                                 (Part 1, At work) * Since the article was written 2008 many new facts catalogs and whistles were found and some are still waiting to be discovered. Hopefully I will find time to update.
And find pictures that were lost.

Intro

American escargot whistles are a wide new subject
the internet is very much alive and flexible and
I work , study  write and add pictures and notes at my own pace.
If you are a frequent visitor you may have noticed that I add,
change and improve old entries when ever I have time,
or  when gaining new pictures or insights.

As much as I had tried to study the subject, there is still a lot more which I do not know,
since there is very little documentation of these.

Unlike  british made escargots which can be identified with time and maker,
one finds that there is no information  when it comes to American whistles and makers.

Since the subject is one of wide scope, implies hundreds of different samples and there are no prior  studies  to rely upon,
I will arrange and add information slowly as time permits.
Meanwhile I hope the visitors  of this pages will enjoy the pictures.

I have used some found in the whistle museum picture archive
found on different web sites or sent to me by other collectors.
Of cource any additional information or questions are welcome.

* I will concentrate on “Bubble top” escargots , or spherical knop as some collectors call it,
[ An entry was devoted not long ago to Winchester whistles and other American made bubble top escargots with the unique construction with interlocking  sides & teeth or   “flaps’  ] ,
Deal with some other interesting variations,  may be at another entry deal with others,.

In general U.S.A made whistles from 1900 to 1950 are mostly of the Glasgow type escargots either with Bubble top , or with Hump back cap, or Flat loop  and have a simmilar size and construction.

A List of over 50 Body stamps found on U.S.A made Bubble top escargot whistles,
or whistles used in the U.S.A would be added .
There are many more stamps on other escargot types. Sporting Goods companies, Rail Road whistles, Military – Army whistles,  Police, Arms companies and more.

German made whistles that were intended mostly for the U.S.A. market at the period of 1900 to 1930’s and are to be found only in the U.S.A  deserve a special entry.

Other commonly used whistles were made by J.Hudson, “The acme Thunderer ” and other types, many of which were ordered by American companies and many carrying their logos. These would be treated in another entry since they differ from the common Hudson whistles only in Body stamps.
Some of the American Makers of these are ; B.G.I, Horstmann, B & R , Gotham metal works, Colsoff, Wilson, North Brothers and others, many makers  are  unidentified as of now.

Inspection of small details, can be very rewarding when trying to know more about these whistles , The cap, The Tooth grips, the window, the pea, the general construction, the tongue type,  no tongue, the shape of the beak- mouthpiece, the size , color & patina,
Each one of these is important when studying whistles.

Unstamped American whistle

A_Strauss_on_American_whistles,_Antique_whistles,ESC_USA_Brass_Ball_Bubble_whistle museum_

Continue reading American whistles, Metal Escargot shape whistles, whistles in the U.S.A (Part 1, At work)

Whistle Museum

whistlemuseum

A web site dedicated to whistles, research and collecting whistles. by Avner Strauss.

The well known foremost website Whistlemuseum is now in the progress of rebuilding.

See you soon! Please feel free to contact for advice on whistles. We will not be able to answer all questions only questions with a photo attached can be answered.

Thanks for visiting and sharing

Avner Strauss

Boatswain’s call History, Timeline, Examples and More.

Boatswain’s call History, Timeline, Examples and More. * A. Strauss
Bosun whistle**, Bosun Pipe Call, England, Time line, Makers, Construction and How To Play, Mp3. (30 Photos) By Avner Strauss

AncientlatinamericanclaywhistlewhistlemuseumarchiveAncient Latin American Clay whistle which clearly resembles the early bosun whistles.
* originally published in the whistle museum old website, The web site had
about 500 articles and 1000’s of photos I hope to reload many of these in the future.
**  In the 19th century and earlier the common word used for whistle was CALL
this changed in the 20th Cent. but the Boatswain’s pipe , Bosun pipe call
kept its name as CALL , it seemed to me right to simplify it into BOSUN WHISTLE .

Content.
* Late Medievel and Post Medievel examples. 14th to 18th cent.
* General history and Myth

* Parts and Construction
* How To Blow the Bosun whistle command calls, its
Musical use, and Mp3 samples.

* 19th Century Examples by Decades 1870 to 1910’s
and Makers.

* 20th Century- Professional Makers, Souveneir types
and ones used in actual service and as presentation
whistles.

* Reference to previous articles here


Medieval and post medieval times examples

14th Century

Brass4_30grams41_14mm_Circa14th_15thcenturyADUKMedievalPilgrimwhistlemuseumarchive
40 mm Brass c 14th century.

15th century

Brass4_81grams39_05mm_Circa14th_15thcenturyADmedievalpilgrimwhistwhistlemusearchive

Heavy brass 81 grams length 39 mm.

BusonspipecallwhistleBoatswainspipecirca_mis17thcenturywhistlemuseuma
Cast metal, second half of 16 century
BusonwhistleBoatswainscallnatBritishmuseumWMA

Note Ornamental keel mixed wire and cast parts.I believe this one is in the British Museum . cast plated metal.

From the Portrait of a Man with a Lute at the Maritime museum Greenwich by
Hans Holbein the Younger (c. 1497 – between 7 October and 29 November 1543) was a German artist and print maker who worked in a Northern Renaissance style. He is best known as one of the greatest portraitists of the 16th century’
we can see an earlier 16th Century Bosun whistle which is in already in the developed shape still used today. I thank Mr. Bron Larner for his comment .
PortraitofamanwithaBusonPipeDETAILwhistlemuseumarchive
PortraitofamanwithaBusonPipewhistlemuseumarchiveIn addition you may see a painting by Lucas Cranach the elder with a different style bosun whistle of the same era LOOK

17th Century
bosunswhistleGoldBoatswainscallraly17thcentwhistlemuseumarc
Boatswin’s pipe, Buson’s pipe whistle, gold early part of 17th century c 1610’s found near the spanish boat Margarita that sank at 1622, see the Attocha ship whistle here.



MedievelboatswainwhistleWMA
A Keel of heavy wire. and ring around pipe, Silver. not sure about the date but similar to 15th century  designs.

18th Century

1770’s

1776AGeorgeIIIMakermarkM_FLondonwhistlemuseumarc

1776 A George III Maker mark ‘M.F’, London.
1880’s

1784HESTERBATEMANLondonBoatswainswhistlemuseumarchive
1784 Hester Bateman London Hall Mark

 

Scroll down to See 19th Century time line by decades

 

 

General History and Myth

The boatswain’s call is a none diaphragm aerophone and has it’s history tied to naval and marine usages.
It has a long history both as a symbol of office and as a practical instrument for conveying orders at sea and playing music to pass time at sea.
It became a standard in navy and military boats all over the world and on each boat there was a sailor an Officer who had to know the various call codes and in charge of using the whistle to convey commands and blow it on certain parts of the day to mark daily choirs and for ceremonies. See next chapter.220px-AssyrianWarship
Assyrian warship, a bireme with pointed bow. 700 BC

Its distinctive shape has remained practically unchanged from medieval times to the present day. The call’s shrill whistle can be varied in pitch and duration to convey a variety of information, and can be heard above the sound of wind and sea. Such instruments were private possessions rather than official equipment and silver calls like this one made suitable gifts and presentation pieces.

The boatswain’s call has a long history and goes to ancient times, myth has it that roman boats had a man who gave rhythm with a whistle to the rowers in Galeys war boats that had as many as 12 and more rowers on each side and had to row in rhythm .
During the years many names were used and Buson pipe, call or whistle became the most used.


Parts Construction and How to Play

TheBusonwhistleBusonPipeBoatswainsCallPartsandConstructionthewhistlemuseumAStrauss

Traditionally the Bosun’s pipe has 5 parts named
The Gun
The Buoy
The Keel
The Hole
The Shackle

Being a none diaphragm type whistle the Gun – pipe and the Ball with the hole – Buoy are the main parts and enough to produce a great whistle.
The Keel that is made for understrengthening of the Gun- pipe functions as an ornamental
part as well, ( Same idea as in Escargot type whistles London type Old Button type construction and Glasgow type.) Some bosun calls do not use a keel .

Three sets of rings around the pipe which vary in number and shapes (a wide loop at times) became a part of the traditional English Buson around mid 18th century.


How To Blow The Whistle, command calls, Playing Music and Mp3 Samples

The Buson Pipe is a whistle that uses the hand and fingers to manipulate the sound, it is capable of playing all the notes within an Octave range (12 notes) and needs practicing.
As in flutes silver gives a better whistle sound .
It needs practicing to be able to control al the notes and be able to play melodies, old sailors had much time to kill on boats and sea vessels and music was a great way to pass the time when meditating over monotonous marine landscapes, on voyages that lasted monts at a time.

I did actually meet an old bearded Irish sailor who was a virtuoso in playing these.
There is a Huge difference in the sound quality of these pipes from ones that hardly make a sound to others that sound like magic flutes.

The code used to convey orders on sea vessels usese a general High – Low Pitch and Long – Short duration notes. It does not use all its musical possibilities.

The Palm and fingers are used as an extra sound Chamber, the larger and more open it is the lower the pitch, By lowering each finger the musical note pitch varies, Thus one has to actually try slow and learn by practicing, I suggest starting with simple melodies and sea shantys, an instructional Video and samples of simple tunes is something I hope to make in the future.

Direction and More about playing here

Open position
bosunspipeopenPositionforlownoteswhistlemuseumarchive
Closed Position
FingersatclosedpositionforHighestnotesbusoncallwhistlemuseum
Special effects

  • Warble: The warble is produced by repeatedly moving your hand quickly from the high to the low position, which results in a warble similar to that of a canary.
  • Trill: The trill is produced by vibrating the tongue while blowing, as in rolling the letter R.
    From Sea ScoutsAs we’re Sea Scouts, we use the Bosun’s Call or Boatswain’s Call for ceremonies. It’s mainly used at Flag Break and Piping Aboard VIPs.In order to produce a low note The Bosun’s Call is held by the index finger and thumb in the right hand with the Buoy resting in the palm of the hand while youre remaining three fingers raised above the gun has shown:In order to produce a high note The Bosun’s Call is held the same way however the remaining three fingers are lowered over the gun and hole.”
    Mp3 Samples of Various Boatswain’s call Mp3 Free Down Loads, or listening .
    (open your speakers) The numbers at the top of each figure represents ideal seconds of time.Eight Sideboys call whistleWakeup Call WhistleHeave Around Call WhistleBelay Call WhistlePipe the Side Call Whistle see describtionPass The Word Call WhistleSweepers call whistleAll Hands Call Whistle (The still )

    The Still

    stillThe still is used to call all hands to attention as a mark of respect, or to order silence on any occasion. The still is also used to announce the arrival onboard of a senior Officer. The pipe is an order in itself and does not require any verbal addition. The still is a high note held for 8 seconds. If done properly, it should end very abruptly.

    Pipe The Side Call
    When a Commanding Officer of an HMC ship arrivesd onboard he/she is entitled to this pipe. To be done properly it should be 12 seconds long with very smooth transitions. To accomplish this, the sailor must take a very long deep breath prior to beginning; failure to do so will cause the pipe to be abruptly cut short. The side is also piped for Royalty, teh Accused when entering a Court Martial and for the Officer of the Guard (When the Guard is formed up).

    The Still, the still is used to order all persons to attention as a sign of respect or to order silence. this could be for a speach from an important person, to mark the start of a ceromony or to stop work in order to prevent an accident.
    The still is played by a continuous 8 blow of a high note as shown:
    The Carry On, the carry on is almost always played after the reason for the still has been completed. this signals to all persons that they can return to what they were doing before the still was played.
    The carry on consists of a 1 second high note followed by a 1 second low note.”

    carryonThe carry on is used to negate the still. The pipe is an order in itself and does not require any verbal addition.

    General Call

    generalcallThe general call precedes any broadcast order; it draws attention to the order. The general call is used when passing out-of-routine orders or information of general interest.

    Officer of the Day Call

    daycallThe Officer of the Day call is used to attract the attention of the Officer of the Day to contact the gangway. The pipe is an order in itself and does not require verbal addition. The pipe sonsist of 4 high “pips”.

    Hands to Dinner

    dinnerThe dinner pipe is made at 1200 when the Ship’s Company secures and commences the mid-day meal, referred to as dinner. It is never made for any other meal-time. The pipe is an order in itself and does not require any verbal addition. This pipe is very long and any is the pride of any sailor that can do it absolutely properly, and the disgrace of any sailor that does not.

    Pipe Down

     

    pipedownThe pipe down is made at 22:30 or at any other time specified by the routine daily orders, when the Ship’s Company retire for the evening and the silent hours period commences. The pipe is an order in itself and does not require any verbal addition. When this pipe is made during the middle of the day, it means that the ship is adopting a “Sunday Routine for the remainder of the day.


     

    19th Century Dated Whistles by Decades and Makers

    English Makers makers silversmiths mentioned here

    Carles Rawlings London
    George Unite Birm
    Mary Chawner London
    Joseph Willmore including Makers History
    Hilliard & Thomason Birm
    E. E Emmanuel Birm
    Yapp $ Woodward Birmingham
    SRCB Roberts & Belk (Samuel Robert & Charles Belk ) Sheffield
    Hester Bateman London

    1800’s

    1804ArthurTaylorStunningsterlingsilverBoatswainswhistlemuseumarchive
    1804 Arthur Taylor
    1810’s

     

    SterlingSilverBoatswainBusonwhistlebycharlesrawlings1812whistleshopukor

    Sterling Silver Boatswain, Buson whistle by charles rawlings 1812 London

    London1819byMaryChawner_BoatswinBusonwhistle14_5cmlongwhistlemuseumarchivet

    1819 Mary Chawner London

    BusonbyJosephwilmore1837whistleBoatswainN
    1819 Joseph Willmore Birmingham Fully Hallmarked sterling silver.
    1819sterlingsilverfullyhallmarkedbosunJosephWillmoreBirmingham1819wman
    Here is a Brief History of him.
    Joseph Willmore – was a grandson of Thomas Willmore who was one of silversmiths active since the establishment of Birmigham Assay Office in 1773. Thomas Willmore entered his mark at Birmingham Assay Office in partnership with James Alston between 1773 and 1801, though later marks show that both were independent silversmiths. Willmore was a bucklemaker and Alston operated as a button maker.
    Joseph Willmore took over the business on Thomas’s death in 1816. Joseph had already registered his mark at Birmingham Assay Office in 1806-7 as a snuff-box maker. He also registered at London Assay Office in 1814-5 where he had a showroom in Bouverie Street and later Thavies Inn in Holborn. This fact suggests that he has distinctive sence of business. He clearly understood the importance of marketing his products to his wealthy customers living in London. Usually a silversmith delegates the marketing operation to the retailer who has close relationship with the wealty customers. However he inteds to control the marketing of his products by himself.
    He registered a new hallmark at Birmingham Assay Office as a make of handles of knife and fork in 1831-2, and as a make of silver-gilt knife, fork and spoon in 1832-3.
    Joseph entered into a partnership with two other Birmingham silversmiths, John Yapp and John Woodward. He died in 1855 and his buisness discontinued.

    1820’s

    Birmingham1829BoatswainscallbyJosephWillmorewhistlemuseumarc

    1830’s


    1837 Joseph Wilmore Birmingham

    1840’s

    Birmingham1829BoatswainscallbyJosephWillmorewhistlemuseumarc 1847FullyHallmarkedYappWoodwardbussonwhistlemuseN

    1847 Yapp & Woodward Birmingham

    1850’s

    1856FWMKHT1856BusonFullyHLMKWhistlemuseumAr

    1856 Hilliard & Thomasson Birm.

    1860’s
    BusonbyJosephwilmore1837whistleBoatswainN

    1867 SRCB Roberts & Belk (Samuel Robert & Charles Belk ) Sheffield

    1870’s

    BusonHT1877WMA
    1877 H & T, Hilliard & Thomason. Bosun’s whistle, call by H & T Hilliard & Thomason. Birmingham, 1877 , fully hallmarked on other side.
    H & T were well known silversmiths in Birmingham, making other types of whistles as well .
    1880’s

    BusonbyJHGauntSonsBirmwhistlecatalogexerptwhistlemuseumalibJ H Gaunt & Sons Birmingham, earliest buson in catalog
    model B 414

    1890’s
    BosunEEEmmanuel1896whistlemuseumarchive11896 E E Emmanuel Pat Number 7673


    Under construction to be cont.
    1900’s
    H&T Hilliard & Thomason
    Spencer Street, Birmingham Birmingham 1904 hallmark

    xxx
    A. De Courcy Patent of 10035 , 1909 Buson whistle design. nickel Plated Brass.
    BusonboatswainswhistlebyDeCourcyPatentwhistlemuseum

    BusonDecourcyPatstampCloseup100351909whistlemuseum
    The New Era Hand made Line production
    J. Hudson De Courcy, Professional Navy calls , Army militiray marine service
    Full Line production with replicas and designs made for souveniers

    Bossun1907GeorgeUniteBirm_whistlemuseumarchive

    1907 George Unite, Birmingham , Bosun’s whistle.


    Previous articles here and external links

    There are 5 previous articles regarding Bosun’s pipe , whistles here ( currently unavailable I will reload in the future  A.S )
    http://whistlemuseum.com/search.aspx?q=Buson&sc=tcon&dt=a&al=

    Reccomended web-site about collecting silver spoons.
    http://www.antiquesilverspoons.co.uk/spoonmakers.htm


    Boatswain’s call, Boatswain’s Pipe, Bosun’s whistle, 1877 H & T Silver Bosun’s call and some nice articles & web sites.A boatswain bo’s’n, bos’n, or bosun is an unlicensed member of the deck department of a merchant ship….see Wikipedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boatswain’s_mate_(United_States_Navy)

    and Boatswain’s Pipe http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Boatswain’s_call

    http://whistlemuseum.com/2009/06/26/bosuns-whistle-corner-boatswains-whistle-bosuns-pipes-with-dragons-china-and-japan-silver-1890s-to-1930s-whistles-3.aspx
    And a newer posts as addition http://whistlemuseum.com/2014/02/24/antioue-bosun-whistles-more-designs16th-century-and-more–astrauss.aspx

  • http://whistlemuseum.com/2014/02/28/american-bosun-pipes-bosun-whistles-and-more-astrauss.aspx
  • ————————————————————————————————-

    * “The Botswain’s Call handbook”. The Marine Society & Sea Cadets. http://www.sccheadquarters.com/UserData/root/Files/Training/Proficiencies/Piping/Boatswains%20Call%20Handbook.pdf.
    * Listen;
    MP3s of the Boatswain’s call from Hellenic Navy (Greek)
    * U.S.A Navy ;
    How to use Boatswain pipe .pdf file
    * Wikipedia
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Bosun’s_whistle

    The Bosun’s Call is a metallic pipe attached to a white Lanyard and worn as part of the uniform in our Scout Troop normally by Assistant Patrol Leaders and Patrol Leaders that are proficient in piping.”
    whistlemuseum
    Boatswain’s call History, Timeline, Examples and More.Whistle museum, A.Strauss 2012
    All rights reserved, /2009/03/22 Please do not use any part of this web page without a written permission from the author
    .
    ההיסטוריה של משרוקיות מלחים. אבנר שטראוס

Continue reading Boatswain’s call History, Timeline, Examples and More.