Julius Heinrich Zimmermann, Important German Whistle Manufacturer, History , Samples & Catalog Pages by Avner Strauss

Jul. Heinr. Zimmerman, Important German Whistle Manufacturer, Maker, History & Samples by A. Strauss, Catalog Pages ( (Under Construction)

Julius Heinrich Zimmermann, Born 22. September 1851 in Sternberg
Died 25. April 1922 in Berlin (1851-1923) was a large musical instruments maker , publisher, and whistle maker, his family kept his business running but at some point (C. 1928 )they had abandoned whistle  and musical instrument manufacturing ׂׂׂׂ in favor of music publishing.

Catalog Julius Heinrich Zimmermann 1899 Pg 2. whistle museum 600A picture of his workshop circa 1899 , on the shelves on the right hand side one may see a variety of whistles.

== Zimmerman Addresses & Branches ==

Factory ; 17 Seqan St. Liepzig, Germany
Shop and show rooms; 26-28 Quer St. Liepzig
Branches established year
St. Petersburg in 1875
Moskow 1882
Leipzig in 1886
London 1897
Riga 1905

Zimmerman became one of the most important merchants and manufacturers, with branches in Moscow, London, Riga and Leipzig. Although at the beginning the clientele consisted mainly of amateur musicians, professionals were not far behind.

== History ==

Whistle Making History First , It may well be that Zimmerman made whistles in russia  Pre 1880 but as of now it seems that whistle manufacturing started in Leipzig  in 1886 and continued up to the early 1920s I believe, in 1919 He opened a branch in Markneukirchen as of now it seems that whistles were made there as well, but it does await verifying.

First World War starting 1914 the company was marked as an enemy in Russia and nationalized in 1919. The brass instrument factory was re-established after the Second World War and after privatization in 1991 it still exists today as -St. Petersburg Musical Wind Instruments Factory.

– General History –
The Zimmermann family was of German origin. Musikverlag Zimmermann traces its roots back to a shop for German musical instruments near the Nevsky Prospekt established by Julius Heinrich Zimmermann (1851-1923) in 1876.
In 1880 he set up a factory for brass instruments. Soon he began publishing methods for all instruments, the first official publication was a Method for Flute by Ernesto Köhler in 1885.
Zimmermann also developed new designs for flutes and was one of the first German saxophone manufacturers. The company also commenced production of string instruments. Zimmermann firm made violins as well , see note*

From 1891 on, the firm produced also mechanical musical instruments.
Later the company was prominent for its balalaikas, developed by Vasily Vasilievich Andreyev.
In 1901, Zimmermann was bestowed with the Order of Saint Stanislaus by Tsar Nicholas II of Russia, beginning an association with the Russian tsar, as well as becoming exclusive purveyor of brass instruments to the Russian army.
At that time he signed on Riccardo Drigo and published his most famous ballets.
By 1904, Zimmermann acquired the piano factory of Gustav Fiedler in Leipzig.
It produced then Jul. Heinr. Zimmermann pianos, harmoniums and mechanical musical instruments as well as musical boxes and speaking machines.

From 1905 until 1919, Julius Heinrich Zimmermann was deputy of the German Reichstag and opened a distribution of his company in Berlin. The Russian branches of Zimmermann were nationalised by the Bolsheviks in 1918.

August Zimmermann (1877-1952), son of the founder and general manager in the Saint Petersburg branch, left the country.
The younger brother Wilhelm Zimmermann (1891-1946) was imprisoned and fled for his life to Germany some years later.
Zimmermann published jazz music by German composers and the first German book about this genre. Additionally, the company began offering light music for orchestra. The publishing company was separated from the instruments factories in 1928. August Zimmermann led the instrument sector until the insolvency 1933. Wilhelm Zimmermann became sole owner of the publishing company. Being of part-Jewish ancestry, he was officially prohibited from operating his business from 1933, but still managed his company during the whole Nazi regime.
After his death, his widow Edith Zimmermann (1900-1975) did not receive a license from the Soviet military authority to continue publishing and the firm was formally confiscated by the East German authorities. She reached the west, and established the company in Frankfurt. She extended the catalogue with new, young composers and educational publications. When she died in 1975, she had rebuilt a world-renowned venture. Her daughter Maja-Maria Reis (1929-2000) became managing director. Due to her foresight, the company joined with Robert Lienau in 1991. Today the Zimmermann catalogue presents about 3,000 books, including copyrights by Keiko Abe, Siegfried Behrend, Cesar Bresgen, Siegfried Fink, Kurt Hessenberg and Paul Juon.

== Catalog and samples ==

His 1899-1901 Whistle catalog is the earliest and largest German one I had found.
In fact it is the 2nd largest catalog of whistles from the 19th Century.
Catalog Pg of 1899 , 1901 Catalogs
Pg. 128 of a Large whistle catalog named “ Diverse Signalinstrumente
I will continue the article later / Mean while I believe you may see here some whistles collectors meet and were previously unidentified.
Catalog Julius Heinrich Zimmermann 1899 P 128 Whistle Museum LibraryFrom top to Bottom
A high quality double end Beaufort and round pea whistle for policemen. 75mm
note the price is Just under 1 Mark while the next one costs over 3 .
2nd from top
A Horn with valve piston and reed whistle used for hunting and  Firemen. 16 cm.
3rd same as two but it has a small round pea none reed whistle for another signal sound , constructed on top. 18 cm.
Last is a two piston valved horn which was used in band and marching bands and comes with an album of musical repertoire for marching bands.

Catalog Julius Heinrich Zimmermann1901 P131 whistle museum archive
Catalog Page Number 131 of 1899
Showing top to bottom ,
Model # 6421 A Torpedo siren whistle , 65 mm in heavy cast brass case, the top turns and comes of to reveal the vents , the top is held by a pin. Torpedopfeife , Trillerpfeife, by Zimmermann, Pat. # 31884, 1895 by Berlin maker of musical orgenettes, music Boxes Pietschmann & Sons.
Whistle Museum Torpedo Siren Pfeife , Trillerpfeife, by Zimmermann, Pat. 31884 side
An early “London type”  Snail whistle , Model # 16420 without compass and # 16422 with Compass ,
Heavy nickel plated brass with embossed circle within circle pattern which was popular at the time 1890’s and up to late 30’s.
A quality whistle made to a high standard , also made by Martin’s signal in later years.(with different model names as ‘Mephisto’ and others)
A 2 note French style fife used for army made  Baduel (French maker ) , made of Nickel plated brass. ( French made noted were made of cast lead).
A Boatswain’s. Bosun whistle (14 cm.) early pattern that was later adopted by U.S Companies,and navy .
Note its price is double of the Torpedo siren , because its made of silver.
and became identified with U.S.A. Bosun whistles ( Boatswain’s Pipe ).

Last on page 131 is a price list of 13 types of Bird and animal calls for hunting. ( Jugdlockpfeifen )
Birkhuhnlocker, Wachtellocker , Eulenlocker, Hasen – Und Kaninehenkenlocker, Rebhuhnlocker, Enten Locker (Duck Call),
Hasenklage oder Fuchsreizer, Haselhuhnlocker, Rebruf,
Fassanlocker, Kuckuck tauben und Eulenlocker ( Two in one) ,

Catalog Julius Heinrich Zimmermann 1899 P128 whistle museum Library
Pg. 129 shows some rare whistles
seldom met with even by experienced collectors.
Model # 16402  A Transportation whistle with a double end,  that has a reed whistle with two reeds located inside , a 5th (Musical Interval )  apart , the slider switches the pitch from one to the other, A very clever unique design, It has a flared horn bell to amplify the sound , the other end is a round pea whistle, which is also affected by the slide position.  (Length 12 cm , It is much larger than others on the same catalog page ) Very Rare.
Zimmermann Pfeifen Katalog Trillerpeife 1890s deutschland whistle museum

This whistles were made mostly for the German and French markets .

Next Two models of round whistles has  peas & were used by Swiss & French railway conductors.
The last one on this pg. #6413 was made in England as well by few makers in the Mid. 1890’s and are hard to find,  short Bosun type with complete round ball .

German whistles Zimmerman 1899 Pg 130 whistle museum library
Pg. 130 Brass , slide whistle
Variations of Pressed Horn made whistles
No.  6416  Has a screw mouthpiece . Horn Screw Mouth Piece by Zimmermann 1890s Germany whistle museum
and another siren brass whistle called torpedo as well used for bicyclists and
simmilar to the one disscused in a former entry about F. Mosseberg Co.

Zimmerman shop in Petersburg c 19001900,  a marching band passing Jul. Hein. Zimmermann shop in St Petersburg, whistle museum archive.

To be Cont. By 2017 many more of his whistles were found some not in this catalogue but some rare ones are still yet to be found.
there were violin made with a No. from 4000 to 4065 – Village-violin (from 5,–M), Beginner’s violin (from 7,–M), Schoolviolin (from 8,– M.), Orchestra Violin (from 15,– M.), Copies after italien. Master Amati/Guarnerius/Stradivarius/Maggini (from 25,– M.), Solo-Instruments
(from 60,– M.), violin with whole back side and carvered Snake (from 75,– M.), Concertviolin (from 100,– M.) und Masterviolin (from 150,– M.).
List of violinmaker, who worked for Zimmermann: Robert Hammig, Reichel, Roth, Bohlig und Paulowitsch,     Julius Heinrich Zimmermann violin on Youtube


Whistle museum article and photos and content by Avner Strauss, all right reserved , 2008
no part of this webpage is to be used without the explicit permission of the owner. info@avnerstrauss.com

Zimmermann Home town Sternberg has a museum
Der Stadt Sternberg
Museum Sternberg (in Gründung)
Mühlenstraße 6
19406 Sternberg

Posted by WHISTLE MUSEUM at 7/31/2010 11:59 AM
Categories: Whistle Manufacturers History and Samples by A.Strauss
Tags: Jugd horn music publisher collectibles signalinstrument catalog Trillerpfeife. Signalpfeife. whistls katalog





8 thoughts on “Julius Heinrich Zimmermann, Important German Whistle Manufacturer, History , Samples & Catalog Pages by Avner Strauss”

  1. I have a mandolin from your company dated 1936.
    It is a pear shaped instrument with a flat back and top. I am restoring it for my son and have it currently in pieces. It is nicely made with pleasant curved braces and the shaping is delicate. I can send photos if you are interested. I would like to find out more about the maker.
    Dan Kellaway,

    1. Hello, Many thanks , I love Mandolins but the website is dedicated to whistles,
      I would be delighted to seeone if you find.
      Thanks !
      Avner Strauss

  2. I have in my possession a stunning bass Balaliaka made by Zimmerman. It is one of the most beautiful and best sounding instruments I have ever heard. You can hear it in the video linked…

  3. To Whom it May Concern,
    I happen to own a beautiful flute made by Jul.Heinr Zimmermann. It has silver plated ends and appears to be rosewood. Below the Name which is engraved in the wood is a circle containing a heart Bearing JHZ within the heart. I have possessed the flute for many years and I was hoping you could furnish information regarding it. The condition is very good. I do not play but have a friend who does and states the sound quality is excellent.

  4. I have also started manufacturing of whistle in india Illyria modern degine in plastic best export quality
    For differat sound different use
    Water resistance all whistles are Ultrasonik welded properly
    For accurate sound
    You can ask about your need of product
    Unique industries Jaipur

  5. Guten tag, I have a Silver plated Whistle which has i think a Scout badge Engraved on the side, and it says Made in Germany written in English. Maybe for the English market. Where would this Whistle be manufactered in Germany? Danke schon

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